Mapping rights to Programmes

Title: Mapping rights to Programmes
DRACC: 0003
Category: Regulatory
Scope: Global
Authors: Leenaars, M.A.G.J., Šuklje, M.
Date: January 2017
Copyright: The Commons Conservancy

This doc­u­ment is part of the DRACC se­ries, see DRACC “In­tro­duc­tion to ­DRACC Se­ries” for an ex­pla­na­tion. You can re­use it un­der a “Cre­ative ­Com­mons At­tri­bu­tion 4.0 In­ter­na­tion­al” li­cense.

[The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] as a le­gal en­ti­ty is a com­pound or­gan­i­sa­tion that (in ad­di­tion to oth­er func­tions it per­form­s) holds as­sets on be­half of it­s as­so­ci­at­ed Pro­grammes, their us­er and de­vel­op­er com­mu­ni­ties of the past, p­re­sent and fu­ture, and in the wider pub­lic in­ter­est. This doc­u­ment serves to as­sign a num­ber of ex­ter­nal­ly en­forcible rights to Pro­grammes per­tain­ing to the eth­i­cal stew­ard­ship of in­tan­gi­ble as­sets — such as copy­right, trade mark­s, ­patents, databas­es, in­te­grat­ed cir­cuit lay­out de­sign and the like — held by [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] on the be­half of the Pro­grammes. The Board of [The ­Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] is bound by its statutes to obey the rights de­scribed in­ this doc­u­men­t, and by virtue of it grants any stake­hold­er — such as, for ex­am­ple, users and de­vel­op­ers of the Pro­gram­me’s work and the works of any of its Lin­eal or Col­la­toral De­scen­dants (see DRACC “Pro­gramme Fork­ing”), should they ex­ist — the right to chal­lenge de­ci­sions that would vi­o­late them and ask ­for them to be re­versed. The rights de­scribed in this doc­u­ment are im­mutable, and can­not be changed — un­less unan­i­mous­ly ap­proved by all gov­er­nance bod­ies of all ac­tive Pro­grammes. Ad­di­tion­al rights and clar­i­fi­ca­tions MAY be added by pub­lish­ing ad­di­tion­al doc­u­ments.

The lay­ered struc­ture of [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] makes it im­por­tant to re­tain ad­e­quate prove­nance da­ta to make it clear and un­am­bigu­ous how and where in­di­vid­u­al as­sets should be al­lo­cat­ed at lat­er stages. To avoid in­for­ma­tion re­gard­ing the in­tent of the orig­i­nal trans­fer of rights to get lost, a copy of each trans­fer of as­sets MUST be de­posit­ed with [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy].

Assets initially contributed to a single Programme

The eth­i­cal stew­ard­ship of any as­sets that are con­trib­uted to a sin­gle speci­fic Pro­gramme with­in [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] lies with that Pro­gramme (see DRAC­C “As­sign­ing As­set­s”). The Gov­ern­ing Body of a Pro­gramme is the on­ly en­ti­ty or ­body that can ini­ti­ate ad­di­tion­al li­cens­ing pos­si­bil­i­ties (in ad­di­tion to the li­cens­es al­ready pre­vi­ous­ly made avail­able to the gen­er­al pub­lic) for the as­sets that are be­ing kept on its be­half. Re­li­cens­ing MUST re­ceive ap­proval of the Board of [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy]. When a Pro­gramme Grad­u­ates to a ­s­tan­dalone not-­for-prof­it le­gal en­ti­ty (see DRACC “Grad­u­a­tion”), [The Com­mon­s ­Con­ser­van­cy] SHALL grant that new host or­gan­i­sa­tion all the nec­es­sary right­s. ­Trans­fers MAY on­ly be made to a not-­for-prof­it en­ti­ty and MAY be con­di­tion­al to rea­son­able re­quire­ments set by [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] to safe­guard the long term pub­lic in­ter­est and sat­is­fy any cri­te­ria set by the statutes and reg­u­la­tions of the Pro­gramme. This eth­i­cal stew­ard­ship SHALL be ex­tend­ed to ­Lin­eal De­scen­dants of the Pro­gramme — par­tic­u­lar­ly Shared As­set Forks and their con­tin­u­a­tions —, un­less oth­er pro­vi­sions have been made in the statutes and reg­u­la­tions of [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] or statutes and reg­u­la­tions of the Pro­gramme.

Assets initially contributed to multiple Programmes

The eth­i­cal stew­ard­ship of any as­sets that are con­trib­uted to mul­ti­ple speci­fic Pro­grammes with­in [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] lies with each of these Pro­grammes as well as with the whole set of said Pro­grammes (see DRACC “As­sign­ing As­set­s”). Any of the Gov­ern­ing Bod­ies of any of the Pro­grammes MAY re­quest to al­low ad­di­tion­al li­cens­ing pos­si­bil­i­ties (in ad­di­tion to the li­cens­es al­ready pre­vi­ous­ly made avail­able to the gen­er­al pub­lic) for the as­sets that are be­ing kept on its Pro­gram­me’s be­half. Re­li­cens­ing MUST re­ceive ap­proval of the Board­ of [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy]. When a Pro­gramme Grad­u­ates to a stan­dalone not-­for-prof­it le­gal en­ti­ty (see DRACC “Grad­u­a­tion”), the Pro­gramme MAY be al­lowed to take (a sub­set of) rights held by [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] on Pro­gram­me’s be­half to its new host or­gan­i­sa­tion. For such a trans­fer or right­s ­to be made, the Pro­gram­me’s new host or­gan­i­sa­tion MUST be a not-­for-prof­it le­gal en­ti­ty and MUST pro­vide ad­e­quate safe­guards in line with the long ter­m pub­lic in­ter­est and the mis­sion of [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy]. Re­gard­less of ­Grad­u­a­tion, [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy]’s eth­i­cal stew­ard­ship SHALL be ex­tend­ed ­to de­scen­dants of the Pro­gramme — par­tic­u­lar­ly Shared As­set Forks and oth­er Pro­grammes shar­ing the as­sets —, un­less oth­er pro­vi­sions have been made in the s­tatutes and reg­u­la­tions of [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] and statutes and reg­u­la­tions of the Pro­gramme.

Assets contributed directly to [The Commons Conservancy]

As­set­s, such as copy­right, trade mark­s, patents, databas­es, in­te­grat­ed cir­cuit lay­out de­sign and the like, that are ei­ther con­trib­uted to [The Com­mon­s ­Con­ser­van­cy] it­self di­rect­ly (see DRACC “As­sign­ing Right­s”) — i.e. not ear­marked to any spe­cif­ic Pro­gramme — or if none of the Pro­grammes ac­cept the ­con­tri­bu­tion [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] SHALL li­cense to all its Pro­grammes and ­to the pub­lic in gen­er­al tak­ing the fol­low­ing in­to ac­coun­t:

  • prox­im­i­ty — if the con­tri­bu­tion is a mod­i­fi­ca­tion to an ex­ist­ing file, it SHOULD be li­censed un­der the same li­cense as the file it was con­trib­uted to; if the con­tri­bu­tion is a new file, it SHOULD be li­censed un­der the same li­cense that oth­er files in the fold­er are li­censed un­der; if that is not pos­si­ble it SHOULD be li­censed un­der the main li­cense of the repos­i­to­ry the con­tri­bu­tion was ini­tial­ly sent to;
  • co­heren­cy — if the rule of prox­im­i­ty is not use­ful, the con­tri­bu­tion SHOULD be li­censed un­der the same li­cense as the Pro­gramme that the con­tri­bu­tion was ­con­tribut­ed to;
  • pub­lic good — if the rules of prox­im­i­ty and co­heren­cy are not use­ful enough or if the Board of [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy] deems so more in line with the in­ten­tion of the con­trib­u­tor, the li­cense SHALL de­fault to the li­cense that Le­gal Com­mit­tee choos­es (see DRACC “Le­gal Doc­u­ments Whitelist”).

Such as­sets MAY on­ly be trans­ferred to or shared with oth­er/ex­ter­nal legal en­ti­ties af­ter a Pub­lic Con­sul­ta­tion (see DRACC “Pub­lic Con­sul­ta­tion”) or al­ter­na­tive­ly when there is ex­plic­it per­mis­sion from the orig­i­nal right­s hold­ers who do­nat­ed these as­sets to [The Com­mons Con­ser­van­cy].